A 31-year-old previously healthy woman presented with hallucinations and altered mental status, which was eventually found to be due to anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. In this case report, we discuss the broad differential diagnosis of encephalitis with infectious and autoimmune causes. Furthermore, we consider empirical treatment options in case a definite diagnosis is hard to be made.
The broad differential diagnosis of encephalitis: a case report
autoimmune encephalitis, anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis, differential diagnosis, tuberculous meningitis
I.E. Ghijselings, I.C.M. Hoogland, M.C. Brouwer, P.H.J. van der Voort, J. Horn
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